Because software development is so sophisticated, errors frequently occur. You shouldn’t be too concerned about it because every backend developer has experienced it.
The truth is that pressure, which causes human error most of the time, is the cause of these blunders. The four horsemen of backend errors are deadlines, feedback anxiety, skipping testing, and speeding through tasks. Finding a way around it rather than ignoring it is the trick. In order to prevent you from slicing corners on the tail end of your project, we have identified the recommended practices.
Best Practices For Backend Developers
Division of Duties
Concern division is a crucial component of software architecture. Your code will be easier to maintain because of the right separation of concerns because it will be modular and easier for other developers to work on the application with you since you won’t have to spend as much time getting them up to speed.
There are many different ways to organize your code, such as the MVC framework. Establishing a “best practice” standard that works for your team is the aim. You can locate an excellent reference on the separation of concerns online by doing a search. I’ve included a passage from the aforementioned link below.
A “best practice” software architecture may be implemented and adhered to by your entire team, which lowers entry barriers and shortens the learning curve for your programs, and increases team productivity.
Improve Your Fundamentals
When it comes to working on the application’s backend, this is the most crucial ability to learn. Server-side languages like Java, Python, PHP, C#, and others should be at least somewhat familiar to you. The application development process will be made simpler for you the more proficient you are in these languages.
You should also have a solid background in databases or SQL. Backend programmers work with a substantial volume of database-stored data. They utilize it daily for their work and run numerous queries on it. Therefore, as a bare minimum prerequisite, it’s important to be familiar with some databases like MySQL, SQL Server, MongoDB, and PostgreSQL. Although the idea of storing data in rows and columns is the same across all databases, there are some variances. It’s beneficial to be familiar with these databases before you begin developing an application.
Understanding JSON and/or XML APIs is a crucial ability for backend developers. Many applications need to connect to an application programming interface and retrieve data in the form of JSON (API). JSON and XML are the two most often used formats for data retrieval in APIs. Your backend programming path will be made much easier by your familiarity with working with API and these formats.
Each Stage of Testing with a Problem Fix
We didn’t we fix that already? You or your teammate frequently get this query when the product manager shares a screenshot of the bug.
You are going back in time to when you made the commits that fixed the bug, but what is the point? As a result of your fear of breaking anything, your production code is already difficult to maintain and has more defects. Writing all the tests at each level together with a new feature and regression tests along with a bug repair will assist to prevent such situations.
This guarantees greater work performance over the long and short terms, fewer defects, and ultimately better architecture design. Never release code before it has been reviewed.
Advancing Your Code By Yourself?
It’s usually preferable to have your code reviewed by a backend developer from a different project or a frontend developer from the same project. Since the former has industry expertise while the latter has backend expertise.
If you’re part of a team, avoid pushing code to the default branch before the code author or another backend developer has gone over it in detail. Since they won’t be able to combine their code, other project participants may experience a dispute as a result. As a result, the code becomes vulnerable and difficult to maintain.
As a result, it is essential to make a pull request, which is a quick and efficient approach to have your code examined. This enables the remaining devs to talk about modifications in a branch and decide to merge them when everyone gives their blessing.
It can be quite difficult to strike the ideal balance between making code simple to comprehend and simple to alter. It necessitates much experimentation and fine-tuning. Putting these best practices into practice has always prevented common errors; perhaps it will for you as well.