The advancements in modern technology paved the way for the digital world to flourish. With anything and everything now made available and accessible online, a lot of things truly became more convenient. However, the data and information shared online may be vulnerable to those with an intent to harm. Thereby, keep the data shared on your website protected from malicious hackers through some of the tips below.
Having security plugins inhibits an attempt to hack your website. Several content management systems, or CMS, where most websites are built, already offer various security plugins to address the vulnerabilities that are inherent in that certain platform. Even HTML pages have plugins that can provide more security to your site by consistent monitoring of several activities such as malware detection, vulnerability identification, and virus scanning.
The presence of security certifications gives users and visitors of your site a certain degree of guarantee that your site is secure. An SSL certificate indicates that your site has the capability of securely transferring information such as personal data and contact information, which are usually needed for financial transactions. Search engines now take website security more seriously, such that without a proper SSL certificate, visitors of your site will get a warning that the data they share on your site may be compromised.
It can even be more stringent if you are doing business with certain government agencies such as the Department of Defense. In this case, it is imperative for your site to have a CMMC or the Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification. A CMMC entails the need for a third-party audit, rather than relying on a self-certification, thereby ensuring a robust level of website security.
People generally have a hard time remembering passwords, which is why more often than not, they create passwords that can easily be guessed. Although this may prevent you from being locked out of the administrator privileges of your site, this may also pose some security risks. There are already several malware or custom software that are run with the goal of figuring the password of a certain site to gain access. Thereby, it is recommended to make an effort to use a secure password.
A secure password is one that has a sufficient length and is a mix of alphanumeric characters and symbols. If possible, stay away from easy-to-guess keywords such as a name or a birthday because these are the details that can easily be found in several documents or identification cards. In parallel, make sure that all other users who have access to your website employ highly secure passwords because a single weak password can be the gateway to a data breach.
If indeed your website accepts file uploads from several users, those with malicious intentions may take this opportunity to inject a virus to your site through a file upload. This may eventually bring your website down if not mitigated early on. Thereby, as much as possible, refuse to accept file uploads, as long as it can be prevented. More often than not, business websites do not really accept any file uploads, unless it is from trusted partners.
However, there are certain types of businesses that instill the need to open their site to file uploads such as accountants or health care providers. It is in these instances wherein certain steps are necessary to ensure the security of your website. For one, you can create a whitelist of all file extensions that are allowed. In this way, you will be able to keep suspicious files out at the bay. You can also invest in a file type verification software because files and extensions can still easily be renamed. Another mitigating measure is to set a maximum file size because it is in this way wherein you will be able to avoid a distributed denial of service or DDoS attack.
Apart from all of these, there are other measures that you can perform in order to ensure that the files being uploaded in your system are free from bugs and viruses. You can also scan all the files being uploaded for malware. There are already several anti-virus software that have the full capability to check uploaded files before these are opened. Upon uploading, you can automatically rename the files because often times, hackers no longer have access to their files once these are renamed. Last but not the least, keep your website secure by keeping the upload folder outside of the web root to ensure that hackers and spammers are not able to gain access to your website through the file upload feature
More often than not, the CMS platforms that websites are built upon are open-source, making it easily available to both developers with good intentions, as well as malicious hackers. This is the reason why it is important to ensure that your platform and all the other software running in it is up-to-date. The updates normally address loopholes and bugs which can be a threat to your site’s security.
If your website has these basic necessities, there is a great chance that your website won’t be easily hacked or spammed. In a worst-case scenario, the best thing to do is to have an automatic backup to ensure that you do not lose all of your information in case of an attack or your site being put down. An automatic backup will also make it easier for you to recover any information that is lost.
It is a good practice to put in your best effort in keeping your website secure to ensure users and visitors to your site that whatever information they share will be kept private and secure. Make your website more robust and resilient from attacks by employing the necessary measures to be in compliance with regulatory bodies. With the essential security measures for your site in place, you and your site’s visitors are assured that the data you share is safe and protected.